Category: Type-Long article

Men and women think differently because their brains are built differently

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: Data from animal research, cross- cultural surveys, natural experiments and brain-imaging studies demonstrate real, if not always earthshaking, brain differences, and that these differences may contribute to differences in behavior and cognition. Many of these cognitive differences appear quite early in life.

Could underlying biological differences — subtle though they may be for most of us — help explain these gaping between-sex imbalances in the prevalence of mental disorders and account for the cognitive and behavioral differences observed between men and women?

SOURCE: Stanford Medicine

Weight loss from dieting may be nothing more than a placebo effect

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: While all popular dietary regimens and fads make impressive claims, science has shown again and again that dieting just doesn’t work in the long-term. Most people either don’t lose the weight or see it boomerang right back. If no diet has turned out to be a silver bullet for weight loss, then what could explain why some of them at least seem to work, at least for some time? Could it be that the inherent placebo effect that comes with any diet is what’s causing you to lose weight?

SOURCE: Business Insider

Globalisation: gospel that is losing faith and followers all over the world

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: It’s not just a populist backlash – many economists who once swore by free trade have changed their minds, too. How had they got it so wrong? Called “anti-globalisation” by the media, and the “alter-globalisation” or “global justice” movement by its participants, a counter-movement tried to draw attention to the devastating effect that free trade policies were having, especially in the developing world, where globalisation was supposed to be having its most beneficial effect.

SOURCE: The Guardian

In the knowledge economy, we need a Netflix of education

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: Before Netflix, Spotify, Reddit and similar curated content apps, you had to go to numerous sources to find the shows, music, news and other media you wished to view. Now, the entertainment and media you actually want to consume is easily discoverable and personalized to your interests. In many ways the entertainment model is a good framework for knowledge management and learning development applications.

SOURCE: TechCrunch

Publishers of scientific journals generate obscene profits from the unpaid labour of researchers

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: Scientific journal publishing is an industry like no other, with profit margins to rival Google – and it was created by one of Britain’s most notorious tycoons: Robert Maxwell. In 2010, Elsevier’s scientific publishing arm reported profits of £724m on just over £2bn in revenue. It was a 36% margin – higher than Apple, Google, or Amazon posted that year.

What other industry receives its raw materials from its customers, gets those same customers to carry out the quality control of those materials, and then sells the same materials back to the customers at a vastly inflated price?”

SOURCE: The Guardian

The paradox of the elephant brain

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: With three times as many neurons, why doesn’t the elephant brain outperform ours? There is something unique about our brain that makes it cognitively able to ponder even its own constitution and the reasons for its own presumption that it reigns over all other brains. If we are the ones putting other animals under the microscope, and not the other way around, then the human brain must have something that no other brain has.

SOURCE: Nautilus/ The MIT Press

6 major indicators strongly confirm we are living in the best time in history

INFOGRAPHIC: “All things considered, do you think the world is getting better or worse, or neither getting better nor worse?”

A survey done with this question documented the very negative perspective of global development that most of us have. More than 9 out of 10 people do not think that the world is getting better.

Evidence from empirical data shows the opposite picture. On each of 6 vital indicators of human wellbeing, there has been dramatic improvements over the centuries to our present date.

SOURCE: Our World in Data

We could all do with learning how to improvise a little better

LONG ARTICLE FOR HARDCORE READERS: Life is intrinsically changing, moving, disappointing and positively surprising. Meeting life with unbending expectations is a recipe for disaster. Those who expect the world to conform to their preset calculations and predictions are destined to be frustrated. They are uncomfortable with spontaneity, and rail against deviations.cOur bohemian tendencies assume that improvisation is the antidote to rigid thinking. But improvisation isn’t foolproof either. Are there ways to learn how to improvise better, not only in the arts, but in life?

SOURCE: Aeon

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